Although sun is blamed for causing darkness to our skin, yet this isn’t the only cause, but there are many more reasons for skin darkness.
Our face is the most exposed area of the body. Detrimental UV rays hit your skin and stimulate the production of melanin in your skin cells. The more melanin is produced, the darker your skin gets. This is the basic justification given for a darkened face.
The question arises how some people tend to get a darkened skin even they stay indoors or have little exposure to UV rays?
It is Hyperpigmentation that acts as a determining force in stimulating your darkened skin without sun. In this condition, skin cells tend to over-produce melanin, which is a pigment responsible for giving color to your skin.
What Causes Skin to Get Darkened without Sun?
To get a comprehensive account of darkened skin without sun (hyperpigmentation), its causes and solution. Let’s get into the basic reasons for its appearance.
Darkening of the skin can also result from genetic causes. Some of the genetic conditions for darkened skin include:
Incontinentia pigmenti is a genetic condition responsible for affecting your skin, teeth, hair and other body parts. It appears in the form of rash in infancy which later changes into darkened patches of wart-like skin growths.
Acanthosis nigricans is another genetic condition that leads to dark discoloration in the body folds, creases like groin, neck etc. The affected part thickens with the passage of time.
So, the primary cause of hyperpigmentation (darkened skin) is rooted either in the genetic conditions or the lifestyle options you opt for.
There are many hormonal imbalances that trigger the darkening of your skin. Some of the hormonal causes of darkened skin include:
During Pregrancy, women have to endure excessive changes in their hormonal cycle and body. during this period, most women develop dark spots on their abdomen and face.
Addison’s disease is a condition that affects the hormonal production by the adrenal glands. With the passage of time, the hormonal imbalance in Addison’s disease leads to discoloration of your cheeks and lips.
Women who take Oral contraceptives also experience hormonal changes that stimulates the melanin production in their bodies. Besides this, Menopause also disturbs the normal cycle of hormonal balance and induces your skin to get darkened.
Other Threatening Causes of Darkened Skin
Besides genetic and hormonal conditions, there are certain other factors that boost hyperpigmentation. Some of them include:
Use of medications tricyclic antidepressants and antimalarial drugs exert much influence on your skin tone. They ultimately lead your skin towards discolored patches.
Cosmetic products are jampacked with harmful chemicals that do much damage to your skin. It induces acne, which further leads to scarring and skin becoming more discolored. Besides this, it aggravates the appearance of dark spots, dry patches and fine lines.
Due to Acne scarring, the marks left on your skin develop into discolored patches at the surface. It boosts the production of melanin resulting in hyperpigmentation. So, acne scarring is one of the factors that cause darkened skin without sun.
Some Treatment Options!
When you notice your skin getting darker without sun, head towards a dermatologist without any second thought. At the same time, you can get some help from the following treatments options and home remedies to brighten up your skin.
Salicylic acid is considered to be a powerful agent that helps in peeling off the outermost layer of your skin, leaving room for the fresh and healthy skin to come up.
Retinoids are widely used for treating bundle of skin issues. It helps in curtailing dark patches on your skin, thus nourishing your skin. Besides this, it evens out your skin tone.
Lojic acid is extensively used in various skin care creams, lotions and gels to treat issues like darkened skin, melasma, and hyperpigmentation. It has capacity of lightening your skin tone.
Aloe vera contains components like aloesin and aloin, that help in instilling lightening and soothing benefits to your skin. It works well against hyperpigmentation.
All you need to do is to apply aloe vera extract on your face for almost 15 minutes and then wash it off with lukewarm water.
Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil is considered to be a wondrous oil that treats many skin issues. It works effectively against darkened skin.
With its regular use, you will notice less scars and spots on your face. Besides this, it gives nourishing features to your skin. You need to apply tea tree oil on the dark spots of your skin and let the oil soak completely in the layers of your skin.
Some tips for Avoiding Hyperpigmentation
A stitch in time saves nine! Yes, same is applicable for preventing hyperpigmentation that trying to treat it later on. Some of the preventive measures include
Always wear sunscreen whether you expose yourself directly to sun or remain indoors. Go for a sunscreen that contains at least SPF 30 or higher.
Choose your cosmetics wisely. Have a look at the ingredients before buying them so you can protect your skin from the detrimental effects of harsh chemicals.
Do lifestyle modifications and have healthy food intake. Configure a good fitness regime so that your body functions properly. You may also want to give Vitamin C serums a try!
Don’t leave makeup on your skin at night. Make a habit of removing makeup before going to sleep so that your skin remains protected from various damages.
The skin of your face has the tendency of getting darker as compared to the rest of your body. All you need is to find out the real cause and do some tricks, easy-peasy home remedies and treatments to solve the skin issue in its rudimentary phase.
Always make sure you consult your dermatologist for proper advice.